How to Create a Triangle Using CSS clip-path

css
Published on September 8, 2020

A triangle can created in CSS using the clip-path property.

clip-path allows to clip an element to a given shape. The section that is inside the shape is shown, while that outside is hidden.

Example

HTML & CSS :

<div id="triangle"></div>
#triangle {
	background-color: #003BDE;
	clip-path: polygon(50% 0, 100% 100%, 0 100%);
	width: 100px;
	height: 100px;
}

Specifying a Triangular Shape in clip-path

To create a triangle we need to use the CSS polygon() shape function. This function creates a polygon shape by joining the co-ordinates of the vertices that we pass as parameters.

A triangle has 3 vertices, so we will need to pass the co-ordinates of the 3 vertices. Co-ordinates are calculated with respect to the top-left corner of the element which is considered as the origin.

By changing the dimensions & co-ordinates of the polygon, we can create different types of triangles.

  • #triangle-1 {
    	clip-path: polygon(50% 0, 100% 100%, 0 100%);
    }
    
  • #triangle-2 {
    	clip-path: polygon(0 0, 50% 50%, 0 100%);
    }
    
  • #triangle-3 {
    	clip-path: polygon(0 0, 100% 100%, 0 100%);
    }
    
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